The Regimes Museum, as well as museum supporters, historians, and team members publish scholarship, research material, and other educational resources to advance the core study of tyranny, dictatorship, conflict, and warfare including other historical topics in general. We make our holdings available to researchers in an effort to promote scholarship on regimes and everything associated with them across history and culture. Below is a list of publications and open source material prepared by historians, supporters, and members of the museum. Contact us to inquire about materials we have in our holdings or to set up an appointment for further consultation.
Specters of Tyranny (2020)
When referring to preserving the Holocaust in history, the late Elie Wiesel once asked the famous question, “How does one remember?” Expanding on Wiesel’s question, how does an individual, a group, or a society as a whole, remember authoritarian and totalitarian dictatorships? What role does memory play in shaping contemporary historical discourse? How is this historical memory transmitted from one generation to the next? How can words, images, or historical facts express authoritarianism or totalitarianism? Can literary representations and film make a difference in the way societies come to terms with tyrannical regimes? How does historical cultural socialization influence collective consciousness? Is it possible for forms of historical cultural socialization to help prevent totalitarian regimes from coming into existence in the present and future? What does it even mean to ask such fundamental questions about dictatorships when democracies engage them, provide support for, or ignore human rights abuses?
The essays included in this book were presented at the Memory, Collective Consciousness, & Authoritarian Dictatorships International Conference, hosted by the Regimes Museum of Orange County, CA, on September 19, 2020. The purpose of this collection is to help find answers to some of these fundamental questions. More specifically, the aim is to analyze, explore, and understand how individuals and societies internalize, come to terms with, and preserve the memories of totalitarianism in the twentieth century from an interdisciplinary approach. By combining the expertise and knowledge of professional researchers and graduate students across multiple disciplines, it is our hope to shed new light on how individuals and societies choose to remember dictatorship in their countries and how neighboring societies have interacted with authoritarian or totalitarian dictatorships.
Youth Under Dictators (2020)
The twentieth century saw the rise and fall of many authoritarian regimes. While each of these societies had unique characteristics, much of what they did to secure, hold, and expand their power and influence exposes certain similarities between dictatorships. One such feature shared by many ideology-driven regimes is their means and methods of controlling and indoctrinating their nation's youth. In the case of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, controlling the youth was a central part of what made these regimes so dangerous. The goal of this book is to explore the similarities and differences between the youth movements of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Moreover, this work aims to shed light on what ordinary Americans could have learned about the lives of young people in both regimes during World War II and, in the case of the Soviet Union, throughout the Cold War.
Threads of Utopia (2017)
The end of the Second World War saw the emergence of a nation divided. The scars left behind by National Socialism and its expansionist racial war against the Soviet Union helped set the course for what would become the German Democratic Republic; a nation that would model itself after the examples set by the leaders in Moscow. Along with these efforts, the Cold War in Europe required all partners and friends of Soviet Russia to make a commitment to maintaining peace and security, which meant setting up armed forces in each of the Warsaw Pact nations including East Germany.
The Threads of Utopia exhibition is a small snapshot of the GDR and a selection of her uniforms. It makes an effort to show the uniform traditions of East Germany both in the military as well as in the civil services. Juxtaposing the background and transformations of the GDR’s uniforms and related paraphernalia are stories and a concise history of the GDR that show the East German leaders’ desire to shape the lives of their citizens from cradle to grave, what happened to those who did not fit in, and how the socialist experiment ultimately collapsed.
The Web of Hope: The Memoirs of George Kooshian (2017)
The Web of Hope is a first-hand, day-to-day account of a young man who went into the face of genocide armed only with pencil and paper. From the notes he recorded during the death marches and massacres in 1915, a chilling picture of the Armenian Genocide takes shape. Of two thousand deportees in his caravan to the Syrian desert, George Kooshian was among the very few to escape and the only one able to bear witness. This stunning autobiography offers an everyday look at the destroyed and forever lost Armenian life in the Ottoman Empire before 1915, the unspeakable cruelty and deprivations during the deportation, the glimmer of hope following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire by the Allied Powers in 1918, the renewed persecutions in the 1920s and emigration to the United States of America and ultimately to Pasadena, California. This volume is an important addition to the genre of memoir literature by genocide survivors, especially in the face of adamant and repressive state denial of the crime. It is a must-read for persons with an interest in Armenian and Near Eastern history, immigration studies, human rights, and ethical themes centered around the human spirit tested by the most crushing experiences, from a man who not only survived but thrived through faith.
- Richard Hovannisian, Armenian Educational Foundation Professor Emeritus of Modern Armenian History, University of California, Los Angeles
Regimes of Twentieth-Century Germany (2016)
Regimes of Twentieth-Century Germany studies how history didactics can contribute to preserving freedom and peace by incorporating an action component into historical consciousness research and by broadening its charter along age target group related, interdisciplinary, and international dimensions. This is investigated both on a conceptual and an empirical basis with specific focus on the two dictatorships of twentieth-century Germany. Specifically, there are three objectives: Further the conceptual development of historical consciousness research by incorporating an action component labeled action consciousness; empirically research knowledge, attitudes, and action consciousness of adults as well as the forms of historical cultural socialization both with respect to the NS and the SED dictatorships; derive recommendations for the further development of history didactics. Based on a discussion of the chosen research methodology, a review of the results of the empirical study is presented.
Telephone Diplomacy (2014)
How are international crises resolved? Unbeknownst to the public, many of them are handled by way of back channel negotiations (BCN). These secret, private communications between representatives of each side seek to find solutions to conflicts away from the heated rhetoric of politicians and the public.
In Telephone Diplomacy: The Secret Talks Behind US-Soviet Detente During the Cold War, 1969-1977, Daniel S. Stackhouse, Jr. reveals how one such back channel operated between United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Soviet Ambassador to the US Anatoly Dobrynin. Through an examination of telephone transcripts of private conversations between the two diplomats, Stackhouse demonstrates how Kissinger and Dobrynin helped the United States and the Soviet Union achieve a detente, or relaxation of Cold War tensions in the 1970s. Stackhouse argues that the conversations, often serious - but sometimes quite humorous, reveal that Kissinger and Dobrynin formed a relationship based upon empathy which enabled them to achieve numerous diplomatic successes in spite of strongly conflicting American and Soviet ideologies. Consequently, the Kissinger-Dobrynin "special relationship" provides an ideal case study of the potential for back channel negotiations to resolve international disputes.
Preventing Auschwitz From Happening Again (2010)
Many attempts have been made since the end of World War II to represent the Holocaust, an event so traumatic that some believe it cannot be represented at all. The approaches range from historical representations, survivor accounts, theoretical and psychological representations to cultural representations including music, film, art, literature, and poetry. But is it sufficient to search for reasons and explanations to understand a catastrophe like the mass murder of the European Jewry? How can words, images, or historical facts express Auschwitz? Can literary representations and film make a difference in regards to accomplishing the ultimate goal of preventing Auschwitz from happening again?